Meaning and Philosophy of Carving Art at the Rumah Gadang Minangkabau - Anyone think what the meaning and philosophical meaning of the art of carving at the Rumah Gadang Minangkabau is? So, do you know that the readers of afriant.com know that the carving in the Rumah Gadang has its own philosophical meaning and significance? Check out afriant.com's review of the Meaning and Philosophy of Carving Art at the Rumah Gadang Minangkabau below.
The traditional carving ornaments of the rumah gadang Minangkabau are all in the form of natural flora, which not only serve as mere decoration, but are also symbols that have the meaning of carving the Rumah Gadang.
After researching the snake ornament, Rumah Gadang has a close relationship with Minangkabau customs. From existing sources, it is stated that Minangkabau adat influences the carving ornaments of the Rumah Gadang, so that the ornament is a symbol of the embodiment of custom.
Procurement of carving ornaments is always related to the traditional principle of basandi syarak (custom with syarak) which has the philosophy of alam takambang jadi guru (nature floating as a teacher) with the principles alue jo patuik (flow and proper), ukue jo jangka (measure with a compass) and raso jo pareso (taste and check) on the basis of geometric patterns.
Adat Minangkabau is one of the few local cultural heritages that still survives to this day. The most prominent feature is the art of carving. The wealth of assets in the form of carving is still maintained to this day.
Not only outwardly, but also more deeply, the philosophical meanings contained in the carving are still being strived to be firmly held as the philosophy of life of the Minangkabau people.
The carvings were developed by taking inspiration from three things, namely names of plants, names of animals and names of objects used in everyday life. In Minangkabau society, there are three types of carvings. The three carvings are inspired by nature.
The meaning of the Rumah Gadang Carving The difference is based on the inspiration from the carving motif. Minang carving art found in the Rumah Gadang (Rumah Gadang, Bagonjong House, Minangkabau Traditional House) include the following.
The carvings in Rumah Gadang are inspired by the names of plants
The carvings of Rumah Gadang are inspired by plants such as Aka Duo Gagang, Aka Barayun (swinging root), Aka Duo (two roots), Gagang (handle), Aka Taranang (submerged root), Bungo Anau (sugar palm flower), Buah Anau (palm palm fruit) ), Bungo Taratai dalam Aie (lotus flower in water), Daun Bodi jo Kipeh Cino (leaf of body and Chinese fan), Kaluak Paku (fern plant) Kacang Balimbiang (star fruit), Siriah Gadang (big betel) and Siriah Naiak (betel nut).
The carvings in Rumah Gadang are inspired by animal names
The carvings and art of Rumah Gadang are inspired by animal names such as Itiak Pulang Patang, Ruso Balari dalam Ransang and Tupai Managun. Ayam Mancotok (chicken pecking) dalam kandang. Gajah Badorong (elephant pushed), Harimau dalam Parangkok (tiger in trap), Kuciang lalok (sleeping cat).
The name of the motif is inspired by the objects used in everyday life.
Everyday objects that become motifs for carving Rumah Gadang such as Ambun Dewi, Aie Bapesong (rotating water), Ati-ati, Carano Kanso (thin iron plate carano), Jalo Taserak, Jarek takambang, Kaluak Baralun (spun arches), Lapiak Duo (layer two), Limpapeh, Kipeh Cino and Sajamba Makan (chinese fan and eat together).
This writing aims to discuss and interpret the philosophical meanings contained in the carving "Itiak Pulang Patang" which reflects the pattern of life of the Minangkabau people.
In addition to the information above, the meaning of the carving in the Rumah Gadang also explains things about life and so on.
Each name has a meaning from carving and the art of carving in the Minangkabau Tower House has meanings, including:
"Kaluak paku" means that the teachings of the child in the lap of the nephew are guided.
"Pucuak rabuang" means useful lessons, namely "Ketek baguno, gadang tapakai".
"Saluak laka" means a symbol of kinship in Minang.
"Jalo" symbolizes the government system of Datuak Parpatih Nan Sabatang or the Bodi Caniago school.
"Jarek" symbolizes the government system of Datuak Katumanggungan or the Koto Piliang school.
"Itik pulang patang" means child - nephew.
"Saik galamai" symbolizes accuracy.
"Si Kambang Manih" describes friendliness.
'Itiak Pulang Patang' has six philosophical meanings as explained below.
- Harmony and harmony of the life of the Minangkabau people with nature
- The social order in everyday life, between individuals in society.
- Order the system of government.
- Kinship system between mamak and nephew.
- Firmness in carrying out the principles of life.
- Togetherness in the life of the Minang people
These carvings are generally found on the walls of the Minangkabau Traditional House which is known as the Rumah Gadang rr this Bagonjong house.
In the carving of the Rumah Gadang there is a philosophical meaning that describes the harmony and harmony of the life of the Minangkabau people with their nature.
The social order in everyday life between individuals in society, the order of the government system, the synergistic relationship in the kinship system relationship between mamak and nephew, steadfastness in carrying out the principles of life and togetherness and cohesiveness in Minangkabau society.
Such is the explanation of the Meaning and Philosophy of Carving Art at the Minangkabau Tower House. Hopefully this article is useful, don't forget to leave a comment and share.